samedi, juin 6, 2020
Home 5G knowledge 5G NR Terminologies – Subcarrier Spacing, Fram-Subframe, Slot and Symbol

5G NR Terminologies – Subcarrier Spacing, Fram-Subframe, Slot and Symbol

5G NR Terminologies – Subcarrier Spacing, Fram-Subframe, Slot and Symbol (5G Training: 5GWorldPro.com)

This post covers 5G Subcarrier spacing as compare to LTE, 5G Frame and Subframe, possibilities of different type of 5G NR slot depending upon the different subcarrier spacing and OFDM symbol.

Subcarrier Spacing

In 5G NR, subcarrier spacing of 15, 30, 60, 120 and 240 KHz are supported.

As you see here, each numerology is labled as a parameter (u, mu in Greek). The numerology (u = 0) represents subcarrier spacing of 15 kHz which is same as LTE. And as you see in the second column the subcarrier spacing other than 15KHz, for 5G NR.

NOTE: In LTE, there is only type of subcarrier spacing (15 KHz), whereas in NR, multiple types of subcarrier spacing are available.

Frame and Subframe

  • Downlink and uplink transmissions are organized into frames with 10ms duration, each consisting of ten subframes of 1ms
  • Each frame is divided into two equally-sized half-frames of five subframes each with half-frame 0 consisting of subframes 0 – 4 and half-frame 1 consisting of subframes 5 – 9.
  • In Total, there are 10 subframes in one frame.

Slot

Slot length gets different depending on different subcarrier spacing. The general tendency is that slot length gets shorter as subcarrier spacing gets wider. Actually this tendency comes from the nature of OFDM.

  • Number of slots per subframe varies with carrier spacing
  • There can be 1, 2, 4, 8, or 16 slots per subframe

NOTE: In LTE, there are fixed two slots per subframe, but in NR, no. of slot may vary.

OFDM symbol

  • The number of symbols within a slot does not change with the numberology or subcarrier spacing.
  • OFDM symbols in a slot can be classified as ‘downlink’ (denoted ‘D’), ‘flexible’ (denoted ‘X’), or ‘uplink’ (denoted ‘U’).
  • In a slot in a downlink frame, the UE shall assume that downlink transmissions only occur in ‘downlink’ or ‘flexible’ symbols.
  • In a slot in an uplink frame, the UE shall only transmit in ‘uplink’ or ‘flexible’ symbols.
  • The number of symbols per slot is 14 (in case of Normal CP)
  • The number of symbols per slot is 12 (in case of Extended CP)

NOTE:  In NR slot format, DL and UL assignment changes at a symbol level (in LTE TDD the UL/DL assignment is done in a subframe level)

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Most Popular

Why Cloud-Native is the best option for the future of Telco industries?

In this article, I will explain NFV and cloud-native known as CNF (cloud-native network function) roles in network function virtualization and explain...

Norwegian 5G auction winners : 2 new comers and main 3 operators

The Norway’s National Communications Authority has finally announced the winning bidders of its multi-band spectrum of 5G auction which has started on...

Understanding SU-MIMO & MU-MIMO

MIMO - In radio, multiple-input and multiple-output or MIMO, is a method for multiplying the capacity of a radio link using...

Benefit from Massive discount on our 5G Training with 5WorldPro.com

The most complete and comprehensive 5G training, follow this link for more information

Start your 5G journey and obtain 5G certification

contact us:  contact@5GWorldPro.com