The Open Radio Access Network (Open RAN) is composed of three primary components that work together to create a more diverse and flexible RAN industry. These components include open interfaces, virtualization, and intelligent control.
1- Open interfaces allow for the combination of RAN equipment from different vendors, providing telecom operators with the ability to avoid vendor lock-in and select an optimized equipment configuration.
2- Virtualization, or virtualized RAN (vRAN), separates the hardware and software components inside RAN equipment, leading to cost reductions through the use of general-purpose hardware. Additionally, flexibility and scalability can be increased through vRAN.
3- Intelligent control optimizes and automates RAN operation, allowing for improved management of increasingly complex mobile networks. As mobile networks become more complex, manual operation will become more difficult, but the intelligent control of RAN can solve this problem.
Also, Open RAN is divided into three components, including the Radio Unit (RU), Distributed Unit (DU), and Central Unit (CU), each of which can be connected through standardized interfaces. Together, these components enable telecom operators to deploy commercial services faster and provide optimized services to consumers.
In summary, the Open RAN’s three essential components – open interfaces, virtualization, and intelligent control – enable a more diverse and flexible RAN industry and support increasingly complex mobile systems.
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